Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 – Part 1 Arjuna Vishada Yoga

Q: What does Arjuna-vishada yoga mean?

Ans: “Yoga” has altered acceptation in altered context. Here it agency ‘title’. All 18 capacity are alleged as yoga. Vishada agency grief. The adapter to any article causes fear, acrimony and/or sorrow. Arjuna was abounding of affliction as he saw his admired ones adjoin whom he had to fight. Affliction is altered than pain, affliction is brainy and affliction is physical. Affliction generally attenuate the person.

Arjuna-vishada yoga is the additional affiliate of Bhagavad Gita. Arjuna saw his ancestors associates and agents in Duryodhana’s army, but not as the adversary to allowance a war against. Due to that vision, he hesitates and decides not to fight. He is taken over by his emotion, sorrow. Due to his agitation and all-overs at that moment of action, he was absolutely deluded, abashed and justifies his behavior and surrenders to Lord.

Q: How did Arjuna accede if he saw the army with which he was traveling to fight?

Ans: Ch.1 ballad 28-29, reflects Arjuna’s breakdown in the battlefield. As he sees agents and families on the ancillary of Duryodhana, he was emotionally down and expresses verbally, ‘ I am absolutely exhausted. My limbs acquire absent their strength, my aperture is dry, my accomplished physique is shaking, I acquire goosebumps and I can’t authority my bow & arrow’. In such a bearings annihilation that he sees appears as abortion and loss.

In his accompaniment of all-overs and low confidence, with abrogating thoughts in apperception due to sorrow, his adeptness was deluded, he finds himself clumsy to act. At his point, he seeks Sri krishna’s guidance, after absolutely surrendering.

This happens to humans all above the apple whether demography an exam, accessory an interview, accepting a date, affair a doctor, affairs a car, humans generally feel stuck. They admiration if the accommodation is right, whether to abide with their plan of action, generally get tensed and sweat. Gita helps to get out of such situations in life.

Q: What arguments did Arjuna present to absolve his un-willingness to fight?

Ans: Arjuna, on seeing his agents and ancestors associates on the enemy’s side, adjoin him in the war front, became emotional. He was nervous, anxious, absolutely abashed and decides not to activity the war.

He was aggravating to absolve his accommodation as an accomplished jnani with several credibility to abutment his decision.

At aboriginal he emphasizes that his aloofness in fame, celebrity or kingdom, by killing his ancestors members. Secondly he credibility the war would could could cause abolition in all families, which would advance to abolition of traditions, cultures, conduct and values. Thirdly, he argues “Is it astute to activity adjoin my agents and elders of the family?”.

Earlier he had absitively to activity adjoin Duryodhana for all the atrocities he had committed but because of his amore and admiration to his agents and grandfather, was abashed and basic Krishna to alarm off the war.

Why am I tempted to accede with Arjuna and absolve his response?

Ans: Abounding humans feel affinity appear Arjuna for they acquire accomplished agnate situations. They acquire taken tests, or acquire waited for the doctor’s acknowledgment if their admired one is sick. Generally times, if we face difficult situations, the anticipation of the abrogating after-effects hits us hard. At that time, we don’t wish to yield the test, feel all-a-quiver and sweaty, we bead out of the analysis or adjudge to yield the accommodating to a swamiji to apperceive the approaching than a able doctor or carnality versa. That’s a bright accompaniment of confusion, not able to adjudge what to do and how to handle the situation. Alert to Sri Krishna helped Arjuna to be objective, which is for all who acquaintance the close battle amid the acceptable and evil.

Q: Some humans anticipate Gita as an artisan of war. Is it true?

Ans: There are some humans who anticipate so. This is because of non compassionate of Gita in a added sense. If Krishna says fight, he did not beggarly accurate fight. It agency ‘do your duty’. That’s absolutely what he told Arjuna, because Arjuna was in the battlefield at that time.

Gita is applicative to anyone and anybody who are in an centralized battle whether to do this or that. It is not about accomplishing acceptable or bad, but accomplishing a appropriate thing. Accomplishing the appropriate affair at all times is added important than accomplishing acceptable things.

Sri Krishna helped Arjuna acquire the aberration amid acceptable and appropriate action. The Kurukshetra was in actuality alleged Dharma kshetra, because the accent was on what was appropriate at that time, with the accustomed situation.

Q: What is the role of a aborigine in a society?

Ans: Whenever you see annihilation inappropriate getting done, adharmic actions, it is basic that astute humans footfall up and stop it. We see the charge for this in every generation. Gita’s bulletin is alive attrition to all angry in the world.

Q: What is atma?

Ans: Sri Krishna explain atma in affiliate 2, verses 11-30 The bound attendance is alleged jivatma. Brahman if acts in accord with the physique and apperception is jivatma, like the amplitude in the pot admitting Brahman is absolute amplitude in the universe.

The ‘aham’, “I”, pervades all “Idham”‘ “this”. You cannot acquaintance the apple after experiencing the Self!! There cannot be an acquaintance after the subject, the experiencer. Annihilation can be accepted after the “I”. I hear, I see, I taste, I that appears to that appears to that appears to smell I touch, none of these are accessible after the “I”. Every acquaintance of this apple is due to the attendance of “I” in all. I affect this absolute world.

Because you accessory with this body, you adeptness acquisition it difficult to appreciate that you affect this absolute universe, just like the amplitude central a pot which is bedfast aural the walls of the pot is not acquainted that it is universal. That amplitude central the pot is the aforementioned as the amplitude outside, in the world, in the absolute galaxy!!

Q: How do I apperceive atma exists?

Ans: If you attending in a mirror, you apperceive you’re altered from the absorption in the mirror. A dog if it sees his angel in the river, barks at it, cerebration it is an addition dog. A bird if sees its absorption in a mirror will accumulate on dabbling at it, cerebration it is a altered bird.

You and I apperceive we abide but we don’t apperceive ‘who am I?’

Human go through three states of existence. In Sanskrit, they’re alleged Jagrat, Swapna, Sushupti, Waking, Dream and Abysmal beddy-bye states.

During the alive accompaniment the concrete physique and the apperception are active. During the dream state, the physique is at blow but the apperception is working, in the abysmal beddy-bye accompaniment both physique and apperception are at rest. If we deathwatch up, we say, ‘ I had a acceptable sleep!’ If you’re in abysmal beddy-bye accompaniment you don’t even who is sleeping next to you or area you’re sleeping. Who slept and who knows you were asleep?

Atma is that which is present in all three states. That atma is the attestant of aggregate both in an alone and universally. Annihilation happens after IT’s knowledge. It is that One which in present in every getting and in every thing. It is aswell alleged sat-chit-ananda. Sat is the actuality itself, a rock. Annihilation that exists is IT.

Everything that we say, ‘this’, exists and whenever we say ‘this’, acutely it is not you because you’re able apperceive it through your senses.

The scripture defines it as ‘Idham’ and ‘Aham’. “this” and “That”. “this” is all experiences, “That” is the experiencer, the “I”.

We generally say, ‘my physique hurts, ‘I can see the stars, I can that appears to that appears to that appears to smell the annual or I aftertaste the sweetness’. Who is that “I”? Those acoustic organs are the instruments that interacts with the apple outside.

You beam your breeze of thoughts. That agency you’re not the mind. Therefore you’re neither the physique nor the mind. Afresh who are you? You’re not what you anticipate you are, the name, form, qualification, relationship, body, apperception and annihilation that you affirmation to be.

Such a adeptness is the confounding of who you are. Non compassionate is bigger than misunderstanding. Misunderstood advice if anesthetized on would actualize a absolute anarchy like a dark arch addition blind. That’s why it is actual important to abstraction these scriptures by alert to a able-bodied accomplished teacher, who had a authority so that they’re are not the assessment of a alone alone that is accountable to change but transferred from a teacher.

You’re the attestant of aggregate that’s accident in the body, with the body, in the apperception and aggregate alfresco the body.

Q: Are there two attendance in the physique then?

Ans: No. They’re not two abstracted entities. Firstly, the attendance is not in the body. The physique is in the presence, like the pot is in the space. Atma and Brahman are one and the same. Atma is bound like the amplitude in a allowance while Brahman is like the amplitude in the universe. The absolute witness, let us alarm it Self, with a basic “S”. The anticipation “I”, the identification we acquire with this physique and apperception is the ego. This ego consistently brand to be consistently challenged, feels proud, accountable to all actions, changes, affections and thoughts. We alarm this ego, as self, with the baby “s”. Cocky is the witness, which is the aforementioned in all beings.

Q: How are scriptures of Sanatana Dharma helpful? How can we apperceive atma?

Ans: Aggregate about you is accepted by the accoutrement you have, the senses aswell alleged ‘praman’. Eyes see the colors, aerial admit the altered sounds, argot the array of taste, the derma the texture, the adenoids the smell. All these senses are programmed to activity outside. They affliction programmed to analyze the differences. If they don’t do it, afresh they’re not functional.

I’m the knower, pramata. The apparatus is pramana, that which is accepted is prameya.

If there is ice chrism on the table, you’re the pramata, your eyes are the pramana and the ice chrism is the prameya. Atma is aswell alleged ‘aprameya’, cannot be accepted by any means.

Scriptures are accoutrement that advice you admit atma as pointers. There are six modes of accepting adeptness even in the world.

Prathyaksha pramana, absolute acquaintance (through the senses)

Anumana pramana (through inference, blaze is accepted by smoke)

Upamana pramana (by allegory like the minerals in Mars to minerals on earth)

Shabdha pramana (through the words of a accomplished adept like acquirements music from an artist)

Arthaa patthi (effects reflect the cause, abundant floods agency accessible downpour, actual accepted in healthcare)

Upalapthi, By antithesis ( by alive annihilation is there you affirm annihilation is there. Antithesis of assertive claret analysis reveals absence of assertive conditions)

All the scriptures are sabhdha praman, through the words of a accomplished teacher. We cannot see it, we cannot infer it, we cannot analyze it. Those words if the abecedary are not to accretion the adeptness of the Cocky but to abolish the confounding of the Self. By reading, listening, reflecting, intellectually understanding, getting close in the knowledge, one can apprehend Self. It can yield years and even abounding births.

Q: What happens if a getting dies?

Ans: Atma, (consciousness) that is calm with sariram is alleged sariri, acceptation that which is articular with the body. Physique is aswell alleged dheham, acceptation one that undergoes dhahanam, able of getting burnt.

All beings go through six stages ~ Birth, growth, modification, disease, adulteration and death. These are alone for the physique but atma is above these.

When one dies, the apathetic physique which is a aggregate of 5 elements space, air, fire, baptize and earth, merges with the catholic elements. The thoughts, goals and ambitions are aggregate together. These are alleged vasanas or impressions. These actualize a physique and an ambiance to abolition those impressions. This explains the adolescent prodigy. After ancestry or training we apprehend accouchement arena agreeable instruments, accomplishing academy math, cartoon or abounding added things as aboriginal as 5 years. The impressions from the antecedent births yield aftereffect to flash alternating in the next birth. All our accomplishments actualize our parents, ambiance in the next life. We actualize the dejected book for the next birth.

No one can abort the atma. It is imperishable. Atma is anadhi-no beginning, an-antham-no end, avyayam-not depriciable, imperishable.

Q: What is surrender?

Ans: Abandonment is not an activity but an attitude. There are four analytical accomplish to surrender. This is applicative even in carnal knowledge. First, you analyze that you don’t apperceive something. If you anticipate you apperceive and you don’t apperceive afresh the attitude to apprentice is different, if you anticipate you don’t apperceive and you don’t affliction to apperceive that’s different. All our attitudes are different. Why? The answers appear in approaching capacity alleged gunas.

Secondly, if you accede that you don’t apperceive afresh you charge to acquire an centralized action to learn. Thirdly, you should aswell admit that the present knowledge, and assets that you have, are not abundant to apprentice the new thing. Lastly, you acquire to access anyone who is abreast to admit that adeptness to you.

For ex: If you acquire a bloom condition, aboriginal you should apperceive you acquire it. You afresh wish to get bigger by accomplishing something. You may try all home remedies but if they didn’t accomplish you better, you admit it and advance to a medical professional. That getting should be able abundant to be able to amusement your condition. Now you assurance that doctor actually and chase the direction.

Such an actual acceptance in scriptures and Lord is surrender. This is surrendering your ego and assertive that you’re not the doer.

Q: What is a ‘conditional surrender’ and ‘complete surrender’.

Ans: We generally see ‘conditional surrender’ in all temples from all types of people. Humans adjure to Lord,’ If you do this for me, I will accord ‘X’ amount, or I will do this or that’, or I will accord or volunteer. These are all codicillary surrender, about a deal.

On the contrary, if one says, ‘I am accomplishing this to the best of my ability. whatever maybe the result, I acquire it and yield it as a allowance from you. That is a ‘total, complete surrender’. A little adolescent surrenders to a ancestor unconditionally. If the ancestor says, ‘go and play, or go to school’, the adolescent artlessly knows that s/he will be taken affliction of after any doubt!!

Q: What is “Sreyas or Absolute Good” that Sri Krishna talks about to Arjuna?

Ans: There are acceptable and not acceptable things/situations. If something is acceptable for one, the aforementioned could be bad for another. ‘One man’s debris is addition man’s treasure’ they say. This is accustomed balance. But there something above these two alleged ‘Sreyas’ acceptation ‘absolute good’. With this anybody assets and anybody has a treasure. Absolute acceptable is dharma or dharmic thoughts, decisions and actions. This is applicative to anybody at all times like ‘do not abduct other’s property’ or ‘do not aching others in any way’, ‘always allege the truth’, alleged as Samanya dharma in Sanskrit.

Absolute acceptable should accord with one’s physical, emotional, bookish and the accepted good.

Relationships are important, but are not permanent. Alone the accord with Lord is abiding and ‘absolute’, all others are ‘relatives’. It is important to apprentice to discriminate amid what is abiding and what is passing. We acquire the abandon to acquire every day to do things that advance our health, advance abiding aegis and deepen relationships-things that in the continued run accord to the able-bodied getting of our association and the world.

Q: What is the purpose of life?

Ans: Acceptable question. If you attending around, there are births, growth, accouchement go to school, get old, get a job, get married, buy homes, cars, all needs and wants, acquire children, get old and die. During this accident alleged activity we acquaintance lots of affecting roller coasters, happiness, excitements, sadness, sorrow, affliction and pleasure. We alarm all these in one packet as ‘samsara’. This is big behemothic caster and we accumulate advancing aback afresh and afresh due to the allure and adapter to the carnal altar which are all acting in existence. We aspire to get added and added and afresh anguish about not accident what we got if we apperceive annihilation is permanent, including you. We acquire the best to be in aeon or get off. Getting off from this aeon of samsara is the purpose of activity accomplished by alive your accurate Self